The Institute of Insurance is considered one of the most ancient and developed in the world. However, in Russia both insurers and insurers themselves are skeptical about insurance. In the United States, on the other hand, insurance has received tremendous development and has penetrated into all spheres of life of American citizens.
Sergey Katargin, CEO of Independent Insurance Consultants, spoke about the reasons for such a difference and the peculiarities of insurance in Russia and the USA.
American insurance is considered almost a standard in the insurance services market in many respects. Its main feature is that it is not subject to a nationwide regulatory system, but is controlled separately in each state. Such a structure has proven its effectiveness throughout history (about 150 years).
The private insurance sector in the United States replaces or complements government social programs, which is why it is so heavily supported by the government. Ensuring comfortable conditions for the existence of the market is put at the head of the priorities of the state.
Insurance in the USA is not just a way to protect against possible risks. Active advertising campaigns of insurance agencies at one time supplemented the image of the American dream, which was forced at the end of the last century through the mass media. The high standard of living also contributed to the growth in demand for all insurance services in the country.
The US insurance market consists of two types: life insurance and other types of insurance (property, liability). Property and liability insurance in the United States occupies almost half of the global market - 46%. In total, there are 4,000 life insurance companies and 4,500 property and liability insurance companies operating in the country.
The regulation of the insurance industry at the state level is expressed not only by providing only solvent companies on the market, but also by the availability of insurance services for all categories of citizens, regardless of nationality, place of residence and other factors specific to US policy.
In general, state regulation of insurance is carried out at two levels: regulation of the solvency of insurers and market regulation. If the regulation of solvency is based on the control of capital and investment, then the regulation of the market is mainly reflected in the pricing policy of insurance companies. Supervisory control over the activities of insurers is carried out by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, which has existed in the United States since 1871.
A feature of American insurance is the presence of insurance brokers and agents in the insurance process - not a single transaction goes through directly. In addition, insurance is the only industry that is not subject to antitrust law.
The leading insurance companies in the US are State Farm Insurance and American International Group.
Health insurance in America is paid separately and is also mandatory under the Affordable Care Act, also called Obamacare. A US resident without health insurance will be required to pay a fine of 2.5% of their annual earnings.
Only the unemployed, the disabled, people over 65 or the poor can get free health insurance. In all other cases, insurance is paid either by the person himself, or in whole or in part by the employer.
There are three types of health insurance (actually there are more, but three make up the bulk of the market):
Separate insurance will be required for dental and ophthalmic treatments.
The process of obtaining medical care in America, at first glance, seems complicated, but it is easy to figure it out if you know its main stages: