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Thyroid and Pregnancy - What You Should Know

by Astha Choudhaey - 26 Apr 2022, Tuesday 199 Views Like (0)
Thyroid and Pregnancy - What You Should Know

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-like organ that lies in your neck front. It is the production house of the hormones that are responsible for the regulation of metabolism in your body and several crucial functions. A regular thyroid profile test in Noida or full body checkup with a focus on the thyroid in your local town/city can help you detect it. Like other people with thyroid, you might have a query over pregnancy with thyroid. The question could be - I have thyroid. Can I get pregnant? Before getting an answer to it, you should know your thyroid health, its impact on your fertility/pregnancy, etc. Keep reading the post.

Thyroid

Thyroid problems have associated with contaminated water or food. People face thyroid disorders due to the lack of pure drinking water and poor sanitation. Climate change is also responsible for this health issue. As per the WHO international site page on it, approximately 11 to 20 million people have thyroid disorders and 1.20 to 1.61 thousand people die of it.

The usual thyroid disorders are hyperthyroidism (overproduction of thyroid hormones), hypothyroidism (low production), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroxine (T4).

Pregnancy

It is a reproductive health state and good for family expansion. Pregnancy occurs to a female when she makes unprotected physical intimacy with her male partner at the right time. It can also take place through medical assistance and make a female give birth to a child.


Whether it is natural or assisted, a pregnancy has an impact of several things such as age, family medical history, ovulation, reproductive health, sex timing, physical health conditions, etc. A healthy pregnancy is good for you and your baby.    


How does thyroid affect your pregnancy?

Thyroid and hormones produced by it are very crucial for males and females. Having a normal thyroid is good and it doesn’t affect your pregnancy or create issues to stop you from being pregnant. However, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can negatively affect your efforts to conceive.   

Hyperthyroidism, which is common in females during their child bearing age, causes you to have overproduction of thyroid hormones. And this overproduction can lead you to have irregular menstrual cycles or missed periods. Due to this, you will be unable to predict the right time for unprotected physical intimacy for being pregnant.


Hypothyroidism is the just opposite of hyperthyroidism and causes you to have a lower production of thyroid hormones. It leads you to have an impact on your metabolism and other body functions. Due to this, you won’t ovulate or will have irregular ovulation periods, unabling you to conceive.  

Can you become pregnant while having thyroid disorders?

Yes, absolutely. You can conceive when you have thyroid problems. However, you need to be very careful and be in contact with your gynaecologist (fertility specialist) and a doctor who can help you manage your thyroid issues.


What should you do to conceive when you have thyroid problems?

If you have thyroid disorders and want to get pregnant, you need to work at two levels - before getting pregnant and during pregnancy. First, have a look at what you should do before you plan to conceive:

  • Consult your gynaecologist and talk to him/her about your plan for having kids. During the interaction with the expert, you should disclose all your health problems, including thyroid
  • Be aware of your TSH levels all the time. For this, you can go through a thyroid profile checkup regularly
  • Never stop your thyroid medications. Keep taking them until your doctor asks you to stop their intake
  • Educate yourself on how your hormones change with your pregnancy   
  • Keep a track on your iodine intake before and during pregnancy


Now, have a look at the steps that you should do during pregnancy with thyroid disorders:

  • Prepare yourself for your contemporary medication regime that will have a change
  • Have more thyroid monitoring checkups
  • Make your own decisions based on what your health status and what your doctor advises you


A few steps that you should take post pregnancy or giving birth to a baby  

  • Come back to your pre-pregnancy medication dosage
  • Get your newborn child checked for thyroid disorders to treat the same soon if present
  • Keep a close watch on signs and get in touch with your doctor if you notice unusual symptoms.
  • Be ready to treat postpartum thyroiditis if detected

Take away  

Thyroid disorders can be life-threatening and can cause complications to your pregnancy if you suffer from the same. With thyroid problems, you can get pregnant. However, you need to educate yourself about your thyroid disorders, pregnancy, the impact of thyroid on pregnancy, and what you should do before, during, and after pregnancy. With proper care and treatment, you will have a healthy pregnancy and give birth to a healthy child.